Read two Research Paper, and Answer the Question!!

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Read two research paper ( must read two paper overall ), and answer the questions following this.

1. Compare the analytical methods used in the two papers.

2. Authors of each paper told that nucleic acid bases detected in meteorites are not contaminated, but are indigenous. Explain why each team claimed so.

3. Both teams analyzed the same meteorite (Murchison), but the results were not the same. Discuss the reason.

You guys have to read research paper, and this paper have to write by writer who majored biology or bioanalytical  chemistry.



Tenant Clinic: 2014 Outcome study Data Report

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


My fieldwork at SAJE (Strategic Actions for a Just Economy) have started with, me working very closely with Tenant Clinic, under direct supervision of two key leaders at SAJE, Favian Gonzalez, Organizing Team Coordinator, and Elena Frias, Director of Community Engagement.

Tenant clinic is what SAJE runs to help low income residents protect their right to live in their apartments without an increase in their rent or being harassed by their landlords. For years the low income families at 1015 W 39thStreet had been paying between $390 and $600 a month in rent for their modest apartments in South Los Angeles, but in October some tenants received notice that their rent would more than double on the first of December, in some cases going up to $1200 a month. Tenants had thought that the building was covered by Los Angeles’ Rent Stabilization Ordinance, but due to a technicality it is not, and the rent increases would have left affected residents, some of whom make only $12,000 a year, displaced, and if they could not afford to either move or pay the higher rent — facing eviction or homelessness. This is where SAJE got involved, as these residents came to the organization and found out through Los Angeles Housing and Community Investment Department (HCID) that a separate legally-binding covenant on the property protected renters against large rent increases and would preserve the building as affordable housing.
What this report shows is to Develop outcomes report on what happens after families visit the SAJE Tenant Clinic. 
Why this report is important is that they need to show the effectiveness of the clinic, the impact it has on families, tracking the main issues and the success and challenges of the program. 
The goal of this report is to create a tangible report to show current and potential funders the impact of the tenant clinic and increase funding to grow the program and expand the services to other areas in need. 
This report which will be my analysis of development and the creation of Demonstration of Learning will include:
• Total # of families who visited the Tenant Clinic in 2014
• Total # of families surveyed for the report
• Issues categorized by:
I. Habitability
II. Illegal Rent Increases 
III. Security Deposit
IV. Referrals to legal services
V. Eviction Threat

• Total # of families that SAJE helped to avoid displacement & illegal rent increases 
• Handful of Tenant Clinic success stories: (Maybe how the tenant clinic made an impact on their life) depending on how many people they follow up, maybe include about 5 to 8 success stories. 

This report MUST include mapping of these families houses which I will send an excel sheet of all the families with their information. and also graphs, charts, photos. It needs to be visually appealing and not only texts. I prefer someone who can do GIS mapping but if not possible then anyone who is good at showing some kind of map of where these families are located. 
Again I am emphasizing this report need to be a collaboration of graphs, charts, Maps, pictures and anything else that will make it appealing rather that just plain text. I do not want 10 pages of boring texts



Literature Review from Question in Week 2 Project

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


Week 4 Project

Course Project: Part 2—Literature Review
This is a continuation of the Course Project presented in Week 2. Before you begin, review the Course Project Overview document located in the Week 2 Resources area.
The literature review is a critical piece in the research process because it helps a researcher determine what is currently known about a topic and identify gaps or further questions. Conducting a thorough literature review can be a time-consuming process, but the effort helps establish the foundation for everything that will follow. For this part of your Course Project, you will conduct a brief literature review to find information on the question you developed in Week 2. This will provide you with experience in searching databases and identifying applicable resources.
To prepare:
• Review the information in Chapter 5 of the course text, focusing on the steps for conducting a literature review and for compiling your findings.
• Using the question you selected in your Week 2 Project (Part 1 of the Course Project), locate 5 or more full-text research articles that are relevant to your PICOT question. Include at least 1 systematic review and 1 integrative review if possible. Use the search tools and techniques mentioned in your readings this week to enhance the comprehensiveness and objectivity of your review. You may gather these articles from any appropriate source, but make sure at least 3 of these articles are available as full-text versions through Walden Library’s databases.
• Read through the articles carefully. Eliminate studies that are not appropriate and add others to your list as needed. Although you may include more, you are expected to include a minimum of five articles. Complete a literature review summary table using the Literature Review Summary Table Template located in this week’s Learning Resources.
• Prepare to summarize and synthesize the literature using the information on writing a literature review found in Chapter 5 of the course text.
To complete:
Write a 3- to 4-page literature review that includes the following:
• A synthesis of what the studies reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question that you developed
o Point out inconsistencies and contradictions in the literature and offer possible explanations for inconsistencies.
• Preliminary conclusions on whether the evidence provides strong support for a change in practice or whether further research is needed to adequately address your inquiry
• Your literature review summary table with all references formatted in correct APA style
Note: Certain aspects of conducting a standard review of literature have not yet been covered in this course. Therefore, while you are invited to critically examine any aspect of the studies (e.g., a study’s design, appropriateness of the theoretic framework, data sampling methods), your conclusion should be considered preliminary. Bear in mind that five studies are typically not enough to reflect the full range of knowledge on a particular question and you are not expected to be familiar enough with research methodology to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of the studies.
This part of the Course Project is due by Day 7 of Week 5. It will also be a component in your Portfolio Assignment in this course, which is due by Day 7 of Week 10.


The Research Questions

Based on the facts discussed above, the following questions were considered about the inappropriate nursing staff levels:

  1. What factors contribute to inappropriate staffing?
  2. What are the ramifications of inappropriate staffing?
  3. What are some of the issues causing inappropriate staffing?
  4. Is inappropriate staffing causing nursing burn-out?
  5. Is inappropriate staffing reflected in patient care surveys?



To what extent are there moral limits on private property ownership according to two of the following philosophers; Aristotle and Marx, and what, if any, are the political implications of these limits (or lack of limits)?

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements

This is a comparative essay (comparing the views of Aristotle to Marx) on the theme regarding private property ownership.

Must be based on these philosophers readings. This essay should explore an aspect of political philosophy in depth, and compare two philosophers on a specified theme, and to evaluate two philosophers. (Aristotle and Marx on the theme of property ownership)

Please base the arguments on these readings:

‘Private Property ownership is an essential element of the good life.’ Aristotle, The Politics, 1252a1 – 1259a36  (Book Ii – Ix)

‘Property, in its present form, is based on the antagonism of capital and wage labour.’ Marx, The Communist Manifesto, Chapter II: Proletarians and Communists. (See the rest of the book, especially Ch I; and Marx, ‘A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right’ in Marx, Early Writings.)



Object and Data Modeling

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


Assignment One
Module Intended Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

Knowledge and understanding 1. Understand theories and concepts of object oriented analysis and design methodology
2. Appreciate the strengths of OOAD methodology
Intellectual, practical, affectiveand transferable skills 3. Apply object oriented techniques, tools and methods to analyse and design a solution to a given problem.
4. Use correct UML notations to produce models and designs
5. Evaluate UML designs

General Requirements:

l Microsoft Visio or equivalent CASE tools should be used for drawing all models and diagrams.

l Diagrams will be marked for consistency throughout the models. Each of the models should be accompanied by textual descriptions which may include the purpose of the model, analysis and design notes, assumptions and considerations for the model.

l This assignment should be completed individually. Plagiarism will be penalized according to university regulations.

l Hand-in Dates are stipulated in the Module Guides. Both reports should be submitted to TurnitinGradeMarkSystem before 2pm of the submission date. Please refer to the Module Guide for detailed regulations regarding late submissions and how feedback will be distributed after marking.

l Note that this is Assignment 1 with two parts: Analysis Report and Design Report. Assignment 2 will be published in a separate document.Proper documentation of your assignment will also be rewarded extra points (see the Marking Schemes). Therefore, make sure that your documentation skills are up to the standard required.
Based on the following Problem Statement you are required to produce:

Part I. Analysis Report (40%)

For this part you should focus on the analysis of the business needs, the structure of the system and the functionalities that should be built into the system in order to meet the business requirements.

1. A set of use case diagrams for the system with
a. An overview use case model (both description and diagram); 4%
b. Detailed use case models (both description and diagram) for major business processes. 8%

2. Two activity diagrams to model two major business processes in the system. 10%

3. A class model for the whole system showing important / major classes in the system with their basic attributes and methods. 10%

4. A deployment model to show how components of the system are to be installed on completion of the product. 8%

Part II. Design Report (60%)

For this part you are required to designthe implementation details of the functionalities andthe structure of the system, based on the analysis report in Part One. Also, you are expected to produce behavioural models for the classes involved in the system.

1. A detailed design of the class model for the system with implementation details. 12%

2. An object model describing capturing how classes (minimum of 3) collaborate with each other in completing a chosen business process (possibly one of the major processes in Task 1b), with a diagram (part of the class diagram from Task 3). 8%

3. Two communication diagrams to show the detailed collaboration and the interaction between classes in performing a chosen use case (different from Task 2, with a minimum of two classes involved. 12%

4. Two sequence diagrams for modellingtwo differentuse cases from any tasks above. 12%

5. Twobehaviour state machine diagrams for capturing all possible states of two major classes in the system. 8%

6. Evaluate your designs against object-oriented system analysis and design principles in the context of business requirements of the case study. 8%

Problem Statement:

A Web-based Car Sharing System

Car sharing is becoming increasingly popular in the UK and other European countries. It not only reduces the cost of travelling but also lowers your carbon footprint. There are already many interactive websites on the Internet for people to use. More information about benefits of car sharing is available on

The following describes the business processes involved inatypical web-based Car Sharing System although you may find variations. Your designs should be strictly based on the information provided in the Case Study. You can make your some assumptions for the missing information as long as they are within reason, appropriately explained and justified. The following websites are indicated below for your reference so you will understand how the system works.




Corporate and Ethical Social Responsibility

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


This assignment covers Learning Outcomes 1 and 2, and requires you to write a 2500 word original essay using ONE of the following questions:

Please note that you may NOT use organisational examples discussed in the lectures and seminars as the main references for your answer. Each answer must be supported by relevant academic theory.

1. As tales of labour abuse in developing countries by multinational companies have made the headlines in developed countries, some of these companies have adopted voluntary corporate social responsibility codes. Does this constitute using CSR as another form of PR? Discuss with supporting evidence based on research, case studies, and academic theories and/or models. 

2. Attitudes to ethical standards and to what constitutes corruption vary from culture to culture. Examine how these attitudes affect the business practice for your chosen organisation / industry sector / geographical area. How would you minimise the negative effects of these attitudes? Use academic sources and relevant case studies, theories and/or models to support your discussion.

3. The United Nations’ Global Compact identified four main areas of ethical concern in relation to business: ecological environment, corruption, labour standards (including child labour)  and human rights. Discuss two of these in relation to your chosen organisation/industry sector. Conduct research and use academic sources as well as relevant case studies, theories and/or models to support your discussion

4. One socio-economic definition of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is “a business firm’s obligation beyond that required by law and economics, to pursue long-term goals that are good for society” (Robbins et al, 2006:96). Outline Milton Friedman’s classical view of CSR which we have discussed in class. Argue either “for” or “against” his classical view of CSR. Justify your argument with relevant examples, theories and models. 
(Robbins, S., Bergman, R., Stagg, I., & Coulter, M. (2006). Foundations of Management
(2nd Ed). Sydney: Pearson Education Australia)

Word Count Limit

Your word count includes in text citations but not the final references or appendices. If you are more than 10% over or under the word count limit you will lose marks as a 10% penalty applies.

The contents of your References and Appendices are not normally given a specific mark (though they may contribute to your overall mark, as detailed in the assessment criteria below). We therefore recommend that you only use Appendices for supporting material and not for the substantial part of your work.



Managing Change Across Cultures

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


Purpose of the Essay

The purpose of the Essay is to enable participants to demonstrate critical understanding concerning the role of culture, investigating processes and approaches to managing change in international and multicultural work environments, in addition to displaying a critical appreciation regarding how to effectively and empathetically  conduct change management processes across cultural boundaries.

Completion of the Coursework (Essay) evidences full engagement with the Module’s Learning Outcomes through the delivery of lectures and seminars, as well as required independent self-study. By producing the Essay document, participants also have an opportunity to showcase professionalism as well as good writing-skills – all vital for work-life, and thus assessed as part of this Coursework (Essay).
Nature of the Essay

Participants must produce a critical analysis Essay of total length no more than 2,000 words demonstrating the learning that they have acquired in accordance with the three learning outcomes of the module:

The intended learning outcomes are that on completion of this module the participant should be able to (particularly ILOs 2 and 3):

1. Critically analyse and operationalise  key change management theories and concepts into effective change management practices in international and intercultural settings.

2. Critically assess cross-cultural issues in MNEs and appreciate the imperative influence on achieving successful change management processes.

3. Develop and provide recommendations in order to operate effectively as a global manager in various cultural contexts.

In their Essays, participants must answer all questions relating to the case study “Four Seasons goes to Paris. 1 When answering the questions – take the fictitious role as the newly appointed General Manager (GM) of a new Four Seasons Hotel, in a country and cultural context of your choice (for example, Mr/Mrs Eduado, General Manager, new hotel in Barcelona, Spain, (Catalan regional and Spanish cultures). However, your choice of location and cultural context CANNOT be your own city/country/culture and must be one of the following countries: Columbia, Brazil, Namibia, Turkey, Russia, Serbia, or a Scandinavian country. You have been requested to provide a report to Four Seasons’ Executive Vice President Worldwide Development, Mr Scott Woroch – addressing cultural issues relating to change management processes, and to provide suitable recommendations for the surrounding multicultural environment.
The approximate number of words (+/- 10%) and the weighting of each subsection are
recommended below.

Question 1:
Executive Vice President, Mr Scott Woroch, is  worried about the prospects of achieving successful change management processes in hotels located in countries with different cultures. He asks for your opinion:

(A) From a leadership and cultural adaptation perspective, do you agree with the appointment of Mr Le Calvez as the new General Manager (in Paris) – why/why not? (150 wordsI8%).

(B) Contemplating on increased international travel and tourism, as well as intensified globalisation (also in the socio-cultural realm) – discuss if the Four Seasons should continue with the approaches known as “tailor made” hotels and “cultural
chameleons”? Would you prefer to change this practice – why/why not? (200 wordsI10%).

(C) Identify relevant levels/spheres of culture that you need to take into account when implementing change interventions in the new hotel where you work as the GM? (100 wordsI7%)

(D) Critically evaluate the limitations of grasping intercultural challenges within the Four Seasons organisation, if relying solely on Hofstede’s (1980) ‘Cultural Dimensions’ approach, and Kogut and Sing’s (1988) ‘Cultural Distance’ construct? (350 wordsI15%)

You can draw upon examples from other Case Studies as well as from the fictitious new hotel.

Question 2:

Taking into account Four Season’s organisational culture and the cultural environment in the city/country where you have been appointed as the new GM, highlight potential intercultural challenges which you (as the GM) might face when adopting the specific Four Season ‘s organisational culture in the new hotel in relation to local staff.

Support your argument by using two human resource practices from the Case Study as examples, and explain by analysing a minimum of three (across both HR practices) factors which may reflect cultural “clash”, and cultural “fit”? (450 words/25%)
Question 3:

Recommend to Mr Scott Woroch what top-management should emphasise (as  a means to motivate new local staff-members to participate in change management processes) when explaining the implementation phase of change processes in a culturally effective fashion (400 words/20%).

Identify a particular implementation approach (grounded in theory), and use this as an example when providing your answer to this question.

Question 4:

Mr Scott Woroch has  some doubts as to whether you possess the appropriate intercultural skill-set for embarking on the role as GM at the new hotel. He requests that you reflect upon your intercultural capabilities – as he believes increased cultural self-awareness leads to enhanced decision-making. Complete the below form – focusing on yourself as an individual (GM) (attach as an appendix – it does not count towards the word limit) (15%).



Economic Environment of Business

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


Coursework Details :

Question Selection:

You must select ONE question from the two listed below:

1. “Perfectly competitive markets do not exist in the real world and have no relevance to modern business leaders.” Critically analyse this statement using economic theory and support your arguments with evidence from real world businesses.

2. Using appropriate macroeconomic theory, critically discuss the consequences for a specific business when the government announces a change in their trade policy. Support your argument with evidence from real world examples.

Your answer must be in essay format (i.e. not written as a report) and not exceed 2000 words. Help with planning, structuring and writing essays can be found as follows:

Assessment Criteria: Essential Points

§ When planning and preparing your answer you should review the assessment criteria for this assignment. A copy of this is attached to this document.
§ Your answers must be rigorous and analytical. Do not write in a descriptive style
§ You must use proper referencing throughout your answer. At MBA level you must refer to relevant texts, relevant journals and case examples.
§ You should use the Harvard or other standardized referencing format.
§ You do not need to assume that the tutor knows literally nothing about the economics of the business environment!
§ Useful on-line search facilities are available via the university library electronic databases, e.g. Business Source Premiere and Science direct,  which have many full-text articles.
§ You must show evidence of having read at least 10 relevant academic journal articles or texts (properly referenced) in order to receive a mark for this coursework. Internet website do not count for this purpose.

Recommended Reading:
Sloman, J, Hinder K and Garratt, D (2013), Economics for Business, 6th Edition, Chapters 1 and 2, FT Publishing International.
Sloman, J and Garratt, D, (2010), Essential of Economics, 5th Edition, Chapter 1.1, Pearson Education limited.
Sloman, J & Jones, E (2011), Economics and the Business Environment, Prentice Hall
Mulhearn, C. & Vane, H., (2012), Economics for Business, 2nd Edition, Palgrave MacMillan
Griffiths, A. & Wall, S. (2011), Economics for Business & Management, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall Publishers
McAleese, D. (2004), Economics for Business: Competition, Macro – stability and Globalisation, Prentice Hall Publishers
Lecture slides also indicate relevant topic based readings.



Battle of Algeria

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements


Essay  should be between 1400-1600 word. (around 5 pgs each) You MUST Answer clearly all the questions in each essay. MUIST ANSWER ALL. ONLY use the attached Documents. do not reference outside sources Essay question 1:

What is the relationship between armed conflict, empire, and identity?

Discuss this relationship as it is explored all of the following: Memoirs of Senegalese Soldiers, Rachid Bouchareb’s Days of Glory, Frantz Fanon’s “On Violence,” and Gillo  Pontecorvo’s Battle of Algiers?
Principal characters in Days of Glory:
Abdelkader: idealistic Free French Army private expecting to be promoted based only on his performance as a soldier
Said: Free French Army private promoted against his wishes to corporal when he becomes an aide to Sergeant Martinez
Martinez: Free French Army Sergeant and French resident of Algeria who attempts to conceal his mother’s Arab identity
Massaoud: Free French Army private who falls in love with a white French woman in Marsailles
Yassir: Free French Army private trying to protect his younger brother, Larbi
Principal characters in The Battle of Algiers:
Jafar: Leader of the FLN in the Casbah. Portrayed in the film by Saadi Yacef, the former leader of the FLN in the Casbah
Ali la Pointe: Criminal who joins the FLN
Hassiba, Zohra, and Djmila: FLN operatives responsible for bombing attacks against civilians in Algiers
Le Petit Omar (“Little Omar”): Algerian boy and messenger for the FLN
Lieutenant Colonel Mathieu: French Army officer ordered to take command of the fight against the FLN in Algiers. A composite character based on several French officers who fought against the FLN in Algeria in the late 1950s
Larbi Ben-M’Hidi: High-level FLN official captured by the French by accident