STRESS AND THE CARDIOVASCULAR AND DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS

Module 4 – Case

STRESS AND THE CARDIOVASCULAR AND DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS

STOP!!! YOU MUST HAVE COMPLETED THE TUTORIALS ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ON THE HOME PAGE BEFORE YOU WILL BE ABLE TO COMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT!

Case Assignment

In this Case Assignment, you will address the following in a 2- to 3-page essay:

First complete this exercise to identify the factors that have an effect onheart rate.

In your introductory paragraph, explain:

  1. Which factors contributed to an increase in HR, and
  2. Which factors contributed to a decrease in HR?

Now view the videoStress effects on the heartand read the following resources on hypertension and stress:

Stress and Blood Pressure, by the American Heart Association

Effect of psychological stress on blood pressure increase: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Gasperin, D et al. 2009. Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 25(4):715-726.

Based on what you read and observed, address the following questions in the body of your essay:

  1. What is the risk of stress on the heart?
  2. What are the contributions of the nervous system to the increased workload that the heart experiences when an individual is stressed?
  3. Do some additional research to define “myocardial infarction risk.” What do Gasperin et al. (2009) say about the relationship between stress and myocardial infarction risk?
  4. Using the resources above, define “hypertension.” Summarize the results reported by Gasperin et al. (2009) about stress and hypertension. What was successful in lowering hypertension?
  5. In a conclusion paragraph write about what surprised you as you completed the readings/video for this Case study?

Assignment Expectations

You are provided with many scholarly references to complete this assignment. Include a References section that lists these sources (refer to the Background page). For any additional research you are required to do to complete your assignment, please use scholarly references such as a peer-reviewed journal article or a government-sponsored or university-sponsored website. As you read through your sources, take notes from your sources and then write your paper in your own words, describing what you have learned from your research. Direct quotes should be limited and must be designated by quotation marks. Paraphrased ideas must give credit to the original author, for example (Murray, 2014).Direct copying from “homework help” websites will not receive credit.

 

 

Module 4 – SLP

STRESS AND THE CARDIOVASCULAR AND DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS

In this SLP we will investigate the effects of stress on the digestive system, including its effect onregulating blood sugar levels.As you can see, dysregulation of blood sugar levels can cause metabolic problems and unusually high or low blood sugar levels, such as in diabetes. View the trends fordiabetes in Americademonstrated in the graph.

Now continue to your readings for this SLP assignment:

Why We Gain Weight When We’re Stressed—And How Not To, in Psychology Today

Cortisol Connection: Tips on Managing Stress and Weight, by Christine A. Maglione-Garves, Len Kravitz, Ph.D., and Suzanne Schneider, Ph.D.

Part I: Stress and Weight Gain

Using complete sentences in paragraph format, address the following questions:

What hormones are implicated in the weight gain response that some individuals experience when stressed? Which type of stressor elicits this response? How does this influence fat deposition? What role do dietary choices and cravings play in stress-related weight gain?

Part II: Blood Sugar Regulation

Now review the article from the Dartmouth Undergraduate Science Journal:

The Physiology of Stress: Cortisol and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

How is the pathway described here different from those described in the first two articles? Which type of stressors influence the relationship between cortisol and insulin? Are the health risks different?

Part III: Conclusions

In a conclusion paragraph, compare and contrast the influence of short- and long-term stress effects on blood sugar regulation and fat deposition. Are these responses related to health risks in the cardiovascular system? Explain the connections between the body’s response to stress described in these articles and other health risks such a high cholesterol and hypertension.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Organize this assignment using the subtitles that summarize each group of questions. Answer each question under the subtitle using complete sentences that relate back to the question. Be sure to include a references section at the end of your assignment that lists the websites and articles used above and any additional resources you used to research your answers. Follow the format provided in the Background page.

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