|COU102: Introduction to Counseling|
a) Describe the growth of counselling services in Singapore.
b) Despite differences between counselling and psychotherapy, there are overlapping similarities. Explain TWO (2) of these similarities and TWO (2) of these differences.
c) Explain the purpose of research in the field of counselling, and illustrate your answer with brief examples of the different types of research. (9 marks)
d) As you examine your personal readiness to becoming a counsellor, evaluate the type of research material that might be beneficial to you. Give your reasons.
a) Illustrate the role of professional counselling by describing how you would obtain “Informed Consent” in the initial counselling session with clients.
Provide THREE (3) examples of the terms which you would include in the “Informed Consent”.
b) State and define the ethical principle which emphasizes the importance of “Informed Consent”. Discuss how this ethical principle is related to “Informed Consent”.
Describe Five (5) strategies employed in Solution-Focused -Therapy in enabling clients to explore and act on possible solutions to their problems. For each of the strategies described, illustrate with an example. (Example provided could be a question you might ask the client when employing that strategy).
You are counselling a client who is violent towards his wife, and the latter has a Personal Protection Order filed against him. Your client has been mandated by the Court to see you for counselling; what are some transference and countertransference issues that might arise during the counselling process? Discuss five issues and how you would deal with them, so that they do not impede counselling and make it ineffective.
a) Apply the ABCDE mode to a client who suffers from panic attacks, because she fears failing her upcoming ‘A’ level examinations. She has a need to be perfect, and to score 90 marks and above for every subject for her examinations. Explain what would the ABCDE be in this case, and what you would do as her counselor to help the client. (10 marks)
b) Using the ABCD model, construct a personal scenario of an incident or situation, explaining what A represented, followed by B which led to C. Demonstrate how D was carried out, resulting in E. Similar to Question 11a), you would need to provide explanations for ABCDE in your personal scenario.
a) How can counsellors be mindful of their own values, not impose them on their clients. Give illustrations to support your answer.
b) When would counsellors need to intervene and breach confidentiality? Highlight FIVE scenarios, and state why it is important to breach confidentiality in these cases?
a) State THREE (3) exceptions to the confidentiality clause in counselling. (3 marks)
b) Define “dual relationships” in counselling and discuss how dual relationships impede effective therapy.
c) Counsellors have to fulfill an ongoing ethical responsibility of improving their self-awareness and self-understanding. Evaluate the ethical implications that may arise should the aforementioned responsibility be unfulfilled. (10 marks)
Explain and elaborate the FIFTEEN (15) aims of counselling.
Question 9 Summarise the key attributing factors contributing to the emergence of Counselling as a profession.
a) Describe the FOUR (4) assumptions of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy.
b) Demonstrate your understanding of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy’s assessment framework by explaining its “Four Domains” with an example for each of the domains.
c) Suppose a client says, “I am scared to talk to my classmates because I know that they will laugh at me. They always talk behind my back and everyone just hates me!” Provide TWO (2) examples of Socratic-dialogue questions which you might ask this client.
a) Define any TWO (2) active listening skills according to Ivey & Ivey (2003).
b) Explain the following THREE (3) factors that are common across counselling approaches that counselling and psychotherapy effective.
- Extra Therapeutic Factors
- Relationship Factors
- Hope, Expectancy and Placebo Factors