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Individual Differences in Educational Settings:
An educational psychologist studied adolescents’ self-efficacy in school. Theresearcher was particularly interested in adolescents’ self-efficacy for learning physics, and in how self-efficacy is related to performance in physics and to intelligence. Data were collected in a secondary school in southeast London.
One hundred and three children (51 boys, 52 girls) who were between thirteen and fifteen years old completed the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ, Pintrich & DeGroot, 1990). For the purpose of this study, only the subscale ‘self-efficacy’ was considered. The researcher also measured all participants’ IQs and collected their scores on a physics exam at the end of the school year (minimal physics exam score is 0, maximal score is 100). The key findings are presented overleaf.
2.1. Ethics [300 words]
Outline key ethical issues that need to be considered. Briefly explain how you would take these into account. Your answer should make reference to ethical guidelines for research. 15 marks
2.2. Self-Efficacy [300 words]
Explain what self-efficacy is and how it is measured with the MSLQ. [300 words] 15 marks
2.3. Interpretation of Findings [400 words]
Interpret the key findings from the study. 20 marks
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