N 490 Module 6 Assignment: Expanding Cultural Knowledge

Module 6 Assignment

Cultural Competence in Nursing

Objective Slide

The objective of this presentation including promoting cultural awareness, knowledge, skills, encounter, and desire among nurses regarding Asian patients. Cultural knowledge entails gaining information about this community using the internet among other sources. Cultural skills involve adopting the ability to collect adequate and relevant data from literature sources (Phan, 2021). The cultural encounter involves promoting the morale among nurses to help them engage with patients from different cultural backgrounds. Finally, cultural desire is the motivation gained through appreciating the knowledge gained about a certain community.

Health Beliefs

In the Asian community, different subgroups have different health beliefs, which are somehow related. For instance, the Chinese believe that health can only be maintained via a balance between the hot and cold forces (Hsu et al., 2019). The Japanese on the other hand believe that healthy people are those who live in harmony with the world. Vietnams, believe in both living harmoniously and establishing a balance between hot and cold forces.

Health Practices

To maintain a balance between the hot and cold forces in maintaining good health, the Chinese engage in moxibustion, acupressure, and acupuncture. Japanese engage in the use of herbal medicine, moxibustion, acupressure, and acupuncture to live harmoniously with good health. Vietnamese on the other hand are hesitant in seeking healthcare services (Phan, 2021). They prefer to seek health through divine instructions, diet, astrologers, and healers.

Family patterns

            The family pattern among Asian communities is mainly associated with the extended family structure, with health and strong bond among family members. Among the Chinese, elders are greatly respected by minors. The family pattern believes in maintaining self-reliance and honor (Sharma et al., 2020). The Japanese also consider the extended family as an important part of the family structure, while practicing a strong intergenerational family structure. The Vietnams consider the extended family to be very important, with strong and healthy relationships among family members.

Communication style

            Most Asians usually suppress their emotions when communicating, to avoid being disrespectful or putting forward the wrong message. When a Chinese smiles during a conversation, it is considered disrespectful (Hsu et al., 2019). Japanese also suppress their emotions, but most of the time utilize non-verbal language to communicate. Vietnams also suppress their emotions by avoiding eye contact considered respectful. Complaining in this community is considered an act of rudeness.

Space orientation and Time orientation

            Asians are a past-oriented society with traditional values being utilized in several activities. The Japanese value time the most, and encourage individuals to be punctual. However, Vietnamese do not consider being punctual as important (Phan, 2021). The space orientation of this community encourages group activities, rather than individuals doing things by themselves. The community members maintain harmony with the environment, considering humans as part of nature.

Nutritional Patterns

            Most Asians are lactose intolerant, with most of their foods being seasoned with pickled vegetables, fruits, monosodium glutamate, and soy sources. This makes it quite challenging to put Asians on a low sodium or high calcium diet (Hsu et al., 2019). The Chinese on the other hand prefer taking meat and verges or rice and seafood which is healthy. Community members also prefer to buy raw ingredients and cook their food, rather than buy proceed or ready-made foods.

Pain Responses

Among the Asian culture, pain is considered an essential part of life as either a sacrifice or a trial. As such, any individual who is in pain should endure it, rather than seek medical attention or use medication (Sharma et al., 2020). However, in case of chronic pain like in the case of cancer patients, the Chinese recommend the use of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism/energy.

Childbirth and perinatal care

Studies show that Asian women suffer the greatest burden from maternal deaths due to their cultural beliefs. The dietary recommendation for the mother and behavioral taboos have undermined the effort of healthcare professionals to provide adequate perinatal care (Pun et al., 2018). Most Asian women fail to seek medical attention in case of complications during the pregnancy period. they are afraid of medical intervention which endangers the health of both the baby and the mother.

Death and Dying

            With great influence from Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, most Asians believe that death is a normal part of an individual’s natural life. When one serves their time on earth they will die at the end of it. Some Asians also believe that when someone dies, they become extinct. However, the majority of Asians believe in life after death, hence considering death as a beginning of a new life (Pun et al., 2018). When a family member or friend dies, individuals from this culture are allowed to grieve and mourn.

Spirituality, religion, and faith

            Almost all religions are practiced among the Asian population. Some of the major religious groups in Asia include the eastern religions, Catholics, muslin, and Jewish (Wasserman et al., 2019). The eastern religion comprises Sikh, Zoroastrian, Shintoist, Buddhist, Hindu, Taoist, and Baha’i. Among Asians, an inward pilgrimage has remained the central point of understanding their religion. Most Asians consider spirituality as the removal of all obstacles on their journey to good health. Spiritual care is thus needed among this cultural descent to promote a depth understanding of one’s true self. 

Spirituality, religion, and faith cont.

Among Asian countries, holidays are considered cultural heritage and must be celebrated. Some of the most important holidays include the Spring Festival held at the beginning of every year according to the Lunar Calendar and is celebrated for seven days and the actual new year festival which is normally celebrated on January first of every year (Pun et al., 2018). Other holidays include the Qingming festival which is usually celebrated on the 4th to 6th of April every year and the Zhongqiu holiday which is usually celebrated in mid-autumn every year.

Prayer and meditation

            Most Asian are reported to pray at least once every day, especially Christians and Muslims. They believe in presenting their problem to God, and thanksgiving in good times. Asians who seek medical attention believe the spiritual healing as God takes care of their health needs through physicians and nurses among other healthcare professionals (Sharma et al., 2020). Meditation among Asian communities is considered an important part of religious or spiritual exercise. It helps in self-realization and relieves stress among other health benefits.

What knowledge did you gain about this group that you were not aware of?

            Through the research that I have conducted to promote further understanding of Asian culture, I have learned a lot of new information. For instance, Pain is considered an essential part of life, as a form of either sacrifice or trial. Most Asians also exhibit high risks of lactose intolerance (Wasserman et al., 2019). Consequently, the majority of Asians are prayerful and believe in spiritual healing. Finally fear of medical intervention and preferred traditional birth conditions have led to increased incidences of maternal deaths.

How will this knowledge change the way you care for this cultural group?

            With the new information gained about the Asian culture, taking care of patients of this ethnic descent will require consideration of several factors. For instance, in management, it is important to educate Asian patients on the need of using medication among other interventions. Educating Asian patients on a low sodium or high calcium diet is crucial (Wasserman et al., 2019). Promoting holistic care is necessary for the Asian community. Maternal care should consider patient education on the importance of medical intervention in promoting the health of the mother and the child.


Hsu, C. Y., Wu, J. Y., Chen, Y. C., Chen, N. T., Chen, M. J., Pan, W. C., … & Wu, C. D. (2019). Asian culturally specific predictors in large-scale land use a regression model to predict spatial-temporal variability of ozone concentration. International journal of environmental research and public health16(7), 1300. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071300

Phan, T. (2021). Healing through history: The mental health impact of Anti-Asian hate among Asian graduate students. New England Journal of Relational and Systemic Practice1(3). Retrieved from https://www.nejournalrsp.com/index.php/mejrsp/article/view/22

Pun, J. K., Chan, E. A., Wang, S., & Slade, D. (2018). Health professional-patient communication practices in East Asia: An integrative review of an emerging field of research and practice in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Mainland China. Patient education and counseling101(7), 1193-1206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2018.01.018

Sharma, N., Shaligram, D., & Yoon, G. H. (2020). Engaging South Asian youth and families: A clinical review. International Journal of Social Psychiatry66(6), 584-592. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020922881

Wasserman, J., Palmer, R. C., Gomez, M. M., Berzon, R., Ibrahim, S. A., & Ayanian, J. Z. (2019). Advancing health services research to eliminate health care disparities. American journal of public health109(S1), S64-S69. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304922

Assignment: Expanding Cultural Knowledge

Create a PowerPoint presentation that addresses each of the following points/questions. Be sure to completely answer all the questions for each bullet point. Use clear headings that allow your professor to know which bullet you are addressing on the slides in your presentation. Support your content with at least three (3) sources using APA citations throughout your presentation. Make sure to cite the sources using the APA writing style for the presentation. Include a slide for your references at the end. Follow best practices for PowerPoint presentations related to text size, color, images, effects, wordiness, and multimedia enhancements. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment.

Pick a cultural group (different from yours) that you commonly care for at work. Research the answers to the following…

Health Beliefs and Practices

Family patterns

Communication style

Space orientation and Time orientation

Nutritional Patterns

Pain Responses

Childbirth and perinatal care

Death and Dying

Spirituality, religion, and faith (include holy days)

Prayer and meditation

What knowledge did you gain about this group that you were not aware of?

How will this knowledge change the way you care for this cultural group?

Title Slide (1 slide)

Objective Slide (1 slide)

Health Beliefs and Practices (1-2 slide)

Family patterns (1-2 slide)

Communication style (1-2 slide)

Space orientation and Time orientation (1-2 slide)

Nutritional Patterns (1-2 slide)

Pain Responses (1-2 slide)

Childbirth and perinatal care (1-2 slide)

Death and Dying (1-2 slide)

Spirituality, religion, and faith (include holy days) (1-2 slide)

Prayer and meditation (1-2 slide)

What knowledge did you gain about this group that you were not aware of? (1-2 slide)

How will this knowledge change the way you care for this cultural group? (1-2 slide)

References (1 slide)

Assignment Expectations:

Length: 15-27 slides

Structure: Include a title slide, objective slide, content slides, reference slide in APA format.

References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions.  A minimum of three (3) scholarly sources are required for this assignment.

Rubric: This assignment uses a rubric for scoring. Please review it as part of your assignment preparation and again prior to submission to ensure you have addressed its criteria at the highest level.

Format: Save your assignment as a Microsoft PPT document (.pptx) or a PDF document (.pdf)

File name: Name your saved file according to your first initial, last name, and the assignment number (for example, “RHall Assignment 1.docx”)

Reference no: EM132069492

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