NUR 513 Topic 4 DQ 1 GCU

Sample Answer Included After the Question

Assessment Description

Compare two nursing theories. How do they differ based on their intent, scope, and goals? Which one might be more relevant to your future role, and why?

Sample Answer For The Assignment: NUR 513 Topic 4 DQ 1 GCU

Title: NUR 513 Topic 4 DQ 1 GCU

In this case, I will compare the Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality by Madeleine Leininger and Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory regarding their goals, scope, and objectives. The 19th-century environmental theory pioneered by Florence Nightingale focuses on how a patient’s surroundings affect their health (Riegel et al., 2021). Nightingale emphasized the need for a hygienic and encouraging setting to foster healing. Her goal was to develop a framework that would help nurses comprehend the importance of their part in making a welcoming atmosphere for patients. This theory’s application is fairly broad because it covers various nursing-related aspects, such as hygiene, ventilation, nutrition, and patient comfort. By creating a therapeutic environment that promotes the body’s natural reparative processes, Nightingale aimed to enhance patient outcomes.

On the other hand, the Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, created by Madeleine Leininger in the 20th century, has a different meaning, scope, and objective. Leininger’s theory emphasizes nurses’ need to comprehend and incorporate cultural beliefs and practices into their care. It focuses on the cultural dimensions of nursing care. Her goal was to encourage nurses to be culturally competent to treat patients respectfully and by their cultural ideas and values (McFarland & Wehbe-Alamah, 2019). The application of this theory encompasses the area of cultural diversity and how it affects medical procedures and standards of care. Leininger wanted to ensure that nursing treatment was culturally appropriate because this improves patient outcomes, especially for patients from different cultural backgrounds (McFarland & Wehbe-Alamah, 2019). The individual nursing context and the nurse’s objectives will determine whether the theory is more applicable to a certain future career. Leininger’s theory which offers a framework for culturally aware and efficient treatment, would probably be more applicable if one worked in a multicultural or varied healthcare setting. However, Nightingale’s Environmental theory might be more appropriate when environmental elements significantly affect patient outcomes, such as infection control or critical care (Riegel et al., 2021). The selection of theory may also be influenced by the needs of the particular patient and the overarching philosophies of the healthcare organization. Nurses frequently need to draw from various theories and models to provide holistic care.


McFarland, M. R., & Wehbe-Alamah, H. B. (2019). Leininger’s theory of culture care diversity and universality: An overview with a historical retrospective and a view toward the future. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 30(6), 540-557.

Riegel, F., Crossetti, M. D. G. O., Martini, J. G., & Nes, A. A. G. (2021). Florence Nightingale’s theory and her contributions to holistic critical thinking in nursing. Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 74.